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Electricity Supply By-law, 2004
- Published in Western Cape Provincial Gazette no. 6181 on 22 October 2004
- Commenced on 22 October 2004
- [Up to date as at 29 July 2020]
1. DefinitionsIn this by-law, words used in the masculine gender include the feminine, the singular includes the plural and vice versa, the Afrikaans text prevails in the event of an inconsistency between the different texts and unless the context otherwise indicates:—"accredited person" means a person registered in terms of the Regulations as an electrical tester for single phase, an installation electrician or a master installation electrician, as the case may be;"applicable standard specification" means the standard specifications as listed in Schedule 1 attached to this by-law;"certificate of compliance" means a certificate issued in terms of the Regulations in respect of an electrical installation or part of an electrical installation by an accredited person;"consumer" in relation to premises means:(i)any occupier thereof or any other person with whom the Municipality has contracted to supply or is actually supplying electricity thereat; or(ii)if such premises are not occupied, any person who has a valid existing agreement with the Municipality for the supply of electricity to such premises; or(iii)if there is no such person or occupier, the owner of the premises;"credit meter" means a meter where an account is issued subsequent to the consumption of electricity;"electrical contractor" means an electrical contractor as defined in the Regulations;"electrical installation" means an electrical installation as defined in the Regulations;"high voltage" means the set of nominal voltage levels that are used in power systems for bulk transmission of electricity in the range of 44kV<Un≤220 kV. [SABS 1019];"low voltage" means the set of nominal voltage levels that are used for the distribution of electricity and whose upper limit is generally accepted to be an a.c. voltage of 1000V (or a d.c. voltage of 1500 V). [SABS 1019];"the law" means any applicable law, proclamation, ordinance, act of parliament or enactment having force of law;"medium voltage" means the set of nominal voltage levels that lie above low voltage and below high voltage in the range of 1 kV<Un≤44 kV. [SABS 1019];"meter" means a device which records the demand and/or the electrical energy consumed and includes credit and prepayment meters;"motor load, total connected" means the sum total of the kW input ratings of all the individual motors connected to an installation;"motor rating" means the maximum continuous kW output of a motor as stated on the maker’s rating plate;"motor starting current" in relation to alternating current motors means the root mean square value of the symmetrical current taken by a motor when energised at its rated voltage with its starter in the starting position and the rotor locked;"municipality" means the Municipality of Cederberg established in terms of Section 12 of the Municipal Structures Act, 117 of 1998, Provincial Notice 482 dated 22 September 2000 and includes any political structure, political office-bearer, councillor, duly authorised agent thereof or any employee thereof acting in connection with this by-law by virtue of a power vested in the municipality and delegated or sub-delegated to such political structure, political office-bearer, councillor, agent or employee;"occupier" in relation to any premises means—(a)any person in actual occupation of such premises;(b)any person legally entitled to occupy such premise;(c)in the case of such premises being subdivided and let to lodgers or various tenants, the person receiving the rent payable by such lodgers or tenants, whether on his own account or as agent for any person entitled thereto or interested therein, or(d)any person in control of such premises or responsible for the management thereof, and includes the agent of any such person when he/she is absent from the Republic of South Africa or his/her whereabouts are unknown;"owner" in relation to premises means the person in whom is vested the legal title thereto; provided that—(a)in the case of immovable property—(i)leased for a period of not less than 50 years, whether the lease is registered or not, the lessee thereof, or(ii)beneficially occupied under a servitude or right analogous thereto, the occupier thereof;(b)if the owner as hereinbefore defined—(i)is deceased or insolvent, has assigned his estate for the benefit of his creditors, has been placed under curatorship by order of court or is a company being wound up or under judicial management, the person in whom the administration of such property is vested as executor, administrator, trustee, assignee, curator, liquidator or judicial manager, as the case may be, or(ii)is absent from the Republic of South Africa, or if his address is unknown to the municipality, any person who as agent or otherwise receives or is entitled to receive the rent in respect of such property, and(iii)if the municipality is unable to determine who such person is, the person who is entitled to the beneficial use of such property, shall be deemed to be the owner thereof to the exclusion of the person in whom is vested the legal title thereto;"point of consumption" means a point of consumption as defined in the Regulations; (SABS 0142);"point of metering" means the point at which the consumer’s consumption of electricity is metered and which may be at the point of supply or at any other point on the distribution system of the municipality or the electrical installation of the consumer, as specified by the municipality; provided that it shall meter all of, and only, the consumer’s consumption of electricity;"point of supply" means the point determined by municipality at which electricity is supplied to any premises by the municipality;"premises" means any land or any building or structure above or below ground level and includes any vehicle, aircraft or vessel;"prepayment meter" means a meter that can be programmed to allow the flow of pre-purchased amounts of energy in an electrical circuit;"Regulations" means Regulations made in terms of the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993), as amended;"safety standard" means the Code of Practice for the Wiring of Premises SABS 0142 incorporated in the Regulations;"service connection" means all cables and equipment required to connect the supply mains to the electrical installation of the consumer at the point of supply;"service protective device" means any fuse or circuit breaker installed for the purpose of protecting the municipality’s equipment from overloads or faults occurring on the installation or on the internal service connection;"standby supply" means an alternative electricity supply not normally used by the consumer;"supply mains" means any part of the municipality’s electricity network;"tariff" means the municipality’s tariff of charges for the supply of electricity;"token" means the essential element of a prepayment metering system used to transfer information from a point of sale for electricity credit to a prepayment meter and vice versa;"voltage" means the root-mean-square value of electrical potential between two conductors.
2. Other termsAll other terms used in this by-law shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the meaning assigned thereto in the Electricity Act, 1987 (Act 41 of 1987), as amended, or the Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993), as amended.
3. Headings and titlesThe headings and titles in this by-law shall not affect the construction thereof.
General conditions of supply
4. Provision of electricity servicesOnly the municipality shall supply or contract for the supply of electricity within its area of jurisdiction with the exception of those areas where electricity is supplied by Eskom.
5. Supply by agreementNo person shall use or be entitled to use an electricity supply from the municipality unless or until such person shall have entered into an agreement in writing with the municipality for such supply, and such agreement together with the provisions of this by-law shall in all respects govern such supply. If a person uses an electricity supply without entering into an agreement he shall be liable for the cost of electricity used as stated in section 44 of this by-law.
6. Service of notice
7. Compliance with noticesAny person on whom a notice duly issued or given under this by-law is served shall, within the time specified in such notice, comply with its terms.
8. Application for supply
9. Processing of requests for supplyApplications for the supply of electricity will be processed and the supply made available within the periods stipulated in NRS 047.
11. Statutory servitude
12. Right of admittance to inspect, test and/or do maintenance work
13. Refusal or failure to give informationNo person shall refuse or fail to give such information as may be reasonably required of him by the municipality or render any false information to any such official regarding any electrical installation work completed or contemplated.
14. Refusal of admittanceNo person shall wilfully hinder, obstruct, interfere with or refuse admittance to any duly authorised official of the municipality in the performance of his duty under this by-law or of any duty connected therewith or relating thereto.
15. Improper useIf the consumer uses the electricity for any purpose or deals with the electricity in any manner which the municipality has reasonable grounds for believing interferes in an improper or unsafe manner or is calculated to interfere in an improper or unsafe manner with the efficient supply of electricity to any other consumer, the municipality may, with or without notice, disconnect the electricity supply but such supply shall be restored as soon as the cause for the disconnection has been permanently remedied or removed. The fee as prescribed by the municipality for the disconnection and reconnection shall be paid by the consumer before the electricity supply is restored, unless it can be shown that the consumer did not use or deal with the electricity in an improper or unsafe manner.
16. Electricity tariffs and feesCopies of charges and fees may be obtained free of charge at the offices of the municipality.
17. DepositsThe municipality reserves the right to require the consumer to deposit a sum of money as security in payment of any charges which are due or may become due to the municipality. The amount of the deposit in respect of each electricity installation shall be determined by the municipality, and each such deposit may be increased if the municipality deems the deposit held to be inadequate. Such deposit shall not be regarded as being in payment or part payment of any accounts due for the supply of electricity for the purpose of obtaining any discount provided for in the electricity tariff referred to in this by-law. On cessation of the supply of electricity, the amount of such deposit, free of any interest, less any payments due to the municipality shall be refunded to the consumer.
18. Payment of charges
19. Interest on overdue accountsThe Municipality may charge interest on accounts which are not paid by the due date appearing on the account, at a interest rate as approved by the municipality from time to time.
20. Resale of electricityUnless otherwise authorised by the municipality, no person shall sell or supply electricity, supplied to his premises under an agreement with the municipality, to any other person or persons for use on any other premises, or permit or suffer such resale or supply to take place. If electricity is resold for use upon the same premises, such resale shall be subject to the conditions laid down in the Electricity Act, 1987 (Act 41 of 1987), provided that the reseller shall be permitted to recover his/her actual electricity cost, provided further that he/she must substantiate these costs if called upon to do so.
21. Right to disconnect supply
22. Non-liability of the municipalityThe municipality shall not be liable for any loss or damage, direct or consequential, suffered or sustained by a consumer as a result of or arising from the cessation, interruption or any other abnormality of the supply of electricity, unless caused by negligence on the part of the municipality.
23. Leakage of electricityUnder no circumstances shall any rebate be allowed on the account for electricity supplied and metered in respect of electricity wasted owing to leakage or any other fault in the electrical installation.
24. Failure of supplyThe municipality does not undertake to attend to a failure of supply of electricity due to a fault in the electrical installation of the consumer, except when such failure is due to the operation of the service protective device of the municipality. When any failure of supply of electricity is found to be due to a fault in the electrical installation of the consumer or to the faulty operation of apparatus used in connection therewith, the municipality shall have the right to charge the consumer the fee as prescribed by the municipality for each restoration of the supply of electricity in addition to the cost of making good or repairing any damage which may have been done to the service main and meter by such fault or faulty operation as aforesaid.
25. Seals of the municipalityThe meter, service protective devices and all apparatus belonging to the municipality shall be sealed or locked by the municipality, and no person who is not an authorised official of the municipality shall in any manner or for any reason whatsoever remove, break, deface, or tamper or interfere with such seals or locks.
26. Tampering with service connection or supply mains
27. Protection of municipality’s supply mains
28. Prevention of tampering with service connection or supply mainsIf the municipality decides that it is necessary or desirable to take special precautions in order to prevent tampering with any portion of the supply mains, service connection or service protective device or meter or metering equipment, the consumer shall either supply and install the necessary protection or pay the costs involved where such protection is supplied by the municipality.
29. Unauthorised connectionsNo person other than a person specifically authorised thereto by the municipality in writing shall directly or indirectly connect, attempt to connect or cause or permit to be connected any electrical installation or part thereof to the supply mains or service connection.
30. Unauthorised reconnections
31. Temporary disconnection and reconnection
32. Temporary suppliesIt shall be a condition of the giving of any temporary supply of electricity, as defined in this by-law, that, if such supply is found to interfere with the efficient and economical supply of electricity to other consumers, the municipality shall have the right, with notice, or under exceptional circumstances without notice, to terminate such temporary supply at any time and, the municipality shall not be liable for any loss or damage occasioned by the consumer by such termination.
33. Temporary workElectrical installations requiring a temporary supply of electricity shall not be connected directly or indirectly to the supply mains except with the special permission in writing of the municipality. Full information as to the reasons for and nature of such temporary work shall accompany the application for the aforesaid permission, and the municipality may refuse such permission or may grant the same upon such terms and conditions as it may appear desirable and necessary.
34. Load reduction
35. Medium and low voltage switchgear and equipment
36. Substation accommodationThe municipality may, on such conditions as it may be deemed fit, require the owner to provide and maintain accommodation which shall constitute a substation and which shall consist of a separate room or rooms to be used exclusively for the purpose of housing medium voltage cables and switchgear, transformers, low voltage cables and switchgear and other equipment necessary for the supply of electricity requested by the applicant. The accommodation shall be situated at a point to which free, adequate and unrestricted access is available at all times for purposes connected with the operation and maintenance of the equipment.The municipality reserves the right to supply its own networks from its own equipment installed in such accommodation, and if additional accommodation is required by the municipality, such additional accommodation shall be provided by the applicant at the cost of the municipality.
37. Wiring diagram and specification
38. Standby supplyNo person shall be entitled to a standby supply of electricity from the municipality for any premises having a separate source of electricity supply except with the written consent of the municipality and subject to such terms and conditions as may be laid down by the municipality.
39. Consumer’s emergency standby supply equipment
40. Circular lettersThe municipality may from time to time issue circulars detailing the requirements regarding matters not specifically covered in the Regulations or this by-law but which are necessary for the safe, efficient operation and management of the supply of electricity.
Responsibilities of consumers
41. Consumer to erect and maintain electrical installationAny electrical installation connected or to be connected to the supply mains, and any additions or alterations thereto which may be made from time to time, shall be provided and erected and maintained and kept in good order by the consumer at his own expense and in accordance with this by-law and the Regulations.
42. Fault in electrical installation
43. Discontinuance of use of supplyIn the event of a consumer desiring to discontinue using the electricity supply, he/she shall give at least two full working days’ notice in writing of such intended discontinuance to the Municipality, failing which he/she shall remain liable for all payments due in terms of the tariff for the supply of electricity until the expiration of two full working days after such notice has been given.
44. Change of occupier
45. Service apparatus
Specific conditions of supply
46. Service connection
47. Metering accommodation
Systems of supply
48. Load requirementsAlternating current supplies shall be given as prescribed by the Electricity Act, 1987 (Act 41 of 1987), and in the absence of a quality of supply agreement, as set out in applicable standard specification.
49. Load limitations
50. Interference with other persons’ electrical equipment
51. Supplies to motorsUnless otherwise approved by the Municipality the rating of motors shall be limited as follows:
|Insulated service cable, size in mm², copper equivalent mm²||Maximum permissible starting current A||Maximum motor rating in kW|
|Direct on line (6 x full-load current)||Star/Delta (2,5 x full-load current)||Other means (1,5 x full-load current)|
52. Power factor
53. ProtectionElectrical protective devices for motors shall be of such a design as effectively to prevent sustained over current and single phasing, where applicable.
Measurement of electricity
55. Accuracy of metering
56. Reading of credit meters
57. Prepayment metering
58.In addition to the requirements of the Regulations the following requirements shall apply:
59.The municipality shall not be held responsible for the work done by the electrical contractor/accredited person on a consumer’s premises and shall not in any way be responsible for any loss or damage which may be occasioned by fire or by any accident arising from the state of the wiring on the premises.
Cost of work
60.The municipality may repair and make good any damage done in contravention of this by-law or resulting from a contravention of this by-law. The cost of any such work carried out by the municipality which was necessary due to the contravention of this by-law, shall be to the account of the person who acted in contravention of this by-law.
- Entire By-law
- 1. Definitions
- 2. Other terms
- 3. Headings and titles
- 4. Provision of electricity services
- 5. Supply by agreement
- 6. Service of notice
- 7. Compliance with notices
- 8. Application for supply
- 9. Processing of requests for supply
- 10. Wayleaves
- 11. Statutory servitude
- 12. Right of admittance to inspect, test and/or do maintenance work
- 13. Refusal or failure to give information
- 14. Refusal of admittance
- 15. Improper use
- 16. Electricity tariffs and fees
- 17. Deposits
- 18. Payment of charges
- 19. Interest on overdue accounts
- 20. Resale of electricity
- 21. Right to disconnect supply
- 22. Non-liability of the municipality
- 23. Leakage of electricity
- 24. Failure of supply
- 25. Seals of the municipality
- 26. Tampering with service connection or supply mains
- 27. Protection of municipality’s supply mains
- 28. Prevention of tampering with service connection or supply mains
- 29. Unauthorised connections
- 30. Unauthorised reconnections
- 31. Temporary disconnection and reconnection
- 32. Temporary supplies
- 33. Temporary work
- 34. Load reduction
- 35. Medium and low voltage switchgear and equipment
- 36. Substation accommodation
- 37. Wiring diagram and specification
- 38. Standby supply
- 39. Consumer’s emergency standby supply equipment
- 40. Circular letters
- 41. Consumer to erect and maintain electrical installation
- 42. Fault in electrical installation
- 43. Discontinuance of use of supply
- 44. Change of occupier
- 45. Service apparatus
- 46. Service connection
- 47. Metering accommodation
- 48. Load requirements
- 49. Load limitations
- 50. Interference with other persons’ electrical equipment
- 51. Supplies to motors
- 52. Power factor
- 53. Protection
- 54. Metering
- 55. Accuracy of metering
- 56. Reading of credit meters
- 57. Prepayment metering
- Section 58.
- Section 59.
- Section 60.
- Section 61.
- Schedule 1
History of this By-law
22 October 2004 this versionPublished in Western Cape Provincial Gazette no. 6181By-law commences.